MISSOULA - MONTANA

missoula

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missoula

missoula

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missoula

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Population 66.000
Missoula is the second largest city in Montana.

The oldest artifacts date from the end of the glacial lake period around 12,000 years ago with the first-known settlements dating from 3,500 BCE. From the 1700s until European settlement, the region was used by Salish, Kootenai, Pend d'Oreille, Blackfoot, and Shoshone tribes.

teepees

indians

As a natural corridor through the mountains, the valley was the scene of great conflict between local Native American tribes and those traversing the region to and from Montana's eastern plains, which were rich with buffalo. The narrow valley at Missoula's eastern entrance was so strewn with human bones from repeated ambushes that French fur trappers would later refer to this area as "Porte d' Enfer," translated as "Hell's Gate". Hell Gate would remain the name of the Trading Post founded in 1860 before in 1866 being renamed Missoula Mills ("Missoula" from the Salish name for the area, "Nemissoolatakoo"). In 1877, the establishment of Fort Missoula ensured the survival of the city.

baracks 1887
Barack Fort Missoula 1887

The first European Americans to visit what would become Missoula were members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The expedition stopped twice just south of Missoula at Traveler's Rest; first from September 9–11, 1805, and again from June 30-July 3, 1806.

Missoula never "boomed" as many western Montana towns did as a consequence of the gold rush, though the town did grow rapidly, and by 1872 the town had 66 new buildings. Higgins and Worden established the town's first stores and banks. The arrival of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1883 caused growth to accelerate again.

1880

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Studebaker Building

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General Park

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LaFlesch Building

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Radio Central

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Union Hall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Union Hall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Days Inn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Independent Telephone Building